When a bunion first begins to develop, take good care of your feet and wear wide-toed shoes. This can often solve the problem and prevent the need for any further treatment. It may help to wear felt or foam pads on the foot to protect the bunion, or devices called spacers to separate the first and second toes at night. These are available at drugstores. You can also try cutting a hole in a pair of old, comfortable shoes to wear around the house. Severe hammer toe requires an operation to straighten the joint. The surgery may involve cutting or moving tendons, or fusing the joints of the toe together. Bunions are bony protrusions specifically at the bottom of huge toes that are difficult to deal with. This condition sometimes results to the large toe going inward to the second toe, which can be known as hammer toe or medically termed as HALLUX VALGUS. Bunions and also the hammer toe are conditions that are extraordinarily painful and may need a podiatrist's management. The treatment and management might include ever-changing the footwear, injections with steroid hormone, exercises and in some cases - surgery. Women are affected by this painful foot condition far more than men. The reason for this is that the major cause of bunions is with inappropriate footwear. Fill a medium sized basin with enough warm water to cover at least to the ankles. The basin should be large enough so that the entire foot can rest comfortably on the bottom. Be aware that persons with certain medical conditions such as diabetes cannot feel temperature as well on their skin, so don't make the water too hot. Let the water run across your inner wrist to help gauge the temperature if you are not sure. Pat the feet dry, making sure you dry between the toes thoroughly. According to National Institute on Aging , moisture left between the toes can lead to fungus growth. Haglund's deformity ("pump bump") is a bone enlargement at the back of the heel bone, in the area where the achilles tendon attaches to the bone. This sometimes painful deformity generally is the result of bursitis caused by pressure against the shoe and can be aggravated by the height or stitching of a heel counter of a particular shoe. Often the first step in a treatment plan, padding the bunion minimizes pain and allows the patient to continue a normal, active life. Taping helps keep the foot in a normal position, thus reducing stress and pain. Podiatrists agree that the best shoes for healthy feet mimic the foot's natural shape, while offering support in the arch and a flexible sole underneath the toes, the way most athletic shoes do. A good shoe has a relatively low heel and rounded toe box," Dr. Burchfield said. "A broad toe box made from a soft upper and ideally should have laces for a secure fitting." An elevated heel lifts the foot out of its natural position and shortens the achilles tendon. Such shoes also push the weight of the body forward disproportionately onto the ball of the foot, which in turn upsets the stabilising mechanics of the foot.