Mechanical problems with the feet such as "over pronation". Over pronation can be simply described as a condition, which causes your arches to flatten out when you stand up. This causes your ankles to roll in towards each other and disturbs your normal walking pattern. If a foot over pronates the structures of the foot are put under stress, which increases the likelihood of a neuroma occurring. The chiropodist may squeeze the area between the bases of the toes. The area may be sensitive and an audible click may be present. This click is the neuroma pushing between the bones and is often referred to as a mulders click. A fracture in the first metatarsal bone, which leads to the big toe, is uncommon because of the thickness of this bone. If it occurs, however, it is more serious than a fracture in any of the other metatarsal bones because it dramatically changes your pattern of normal walking and weight-bearing. Stress fractures do occur in other foot bones but are much less common than in the metatarsals. Sesamoiditis The heel is the largest bone in the foot. Heel pain is the most common foot problem and affects two million Americans every year. It can occur in the front, back, or bottom of the heel. Plantar Fasciitis Bunion - this is a painful swollen bump that occurs at the base of the big toe. It weakens the big toe, which results in increased stress on the ball of the foot. This condition can be caused by wearing shoes that are too small, or can be inherited. It is more common in women than men. Morton's neuroma - this is a growth of fibrous tissue of one of the nerves between the metatarsal heads. Morton's neuroma has very similar symptoms to Metatarsalgia and can cause further stress to the metatarsals. Pain in the front underside of the heel is often a good indication of plantar fasciitis or the development of a heel spur. Pain in the back of the heel is usually an indication of Achilles tendonitis. Pain in the lower back portion of the underside of the heel can indicate the occurrence of Severs Disease. Ball of Foot Pain, otherwise known as Metatarsalgia , is a condition typically caused by overuse. Pain and inflammation in the ball of the foot are common among athletes or anyone who engages in high-impact sports. Others can experience ball of foot pain due to high heels or ill-fitting shoes. A hammer toe is a toe that is contracted at the PIP joint (middle joint in the toe), potentially leading to severe pressure and pain. Ligaments and tendons that have tightened cause the toe's joints to curl downwards. Hammer toes may occur in any toe except the big toe. There is often discomfort at the top part of the toe due to rubbing against the shoe. When the head of the metatarsal bone is placed under pressure it can press on surrounding tissue and small nerves causing sharp pain and inflammation. Common causes of pressure on the metatarsal may include; Most likely you are here because of ball of foot pain, or metatarsalgia. Ball of foot pain is usually due to pressure on your metatarsal bones at the base of your toes. Many experts will recommend taping, icing, or rest for your ball of foot pain. However, these treatments only result in temporary relief, if they offer any relief at all. What if there was a solution that could prevent ball of foot pain to help you feel better? Imagine a shoe that worked with nature for a healthier body, and how that would improve your active lifestyle! You can also alter your behavior. If you are currently doing a lot of running and jumping, you can switch to low-impact exercises, such as swimming or cycling. When at rest, get into the habit of putting your feet up to relieve the pressure. Exercising your ankle and stretching the Achilles tendon eases symptoms for some people. About 90 percent of people with rheumatoid arthritis have foot pain, which makes walking difficult and restricts daily activities. The condition can attack any of the foot's more than 30 joints, leaving them inflamed and swollen ? and the resulting pain can be excruciating. Have your child rest and cease any activity that results in heel pain until symptoms subside. Hold ice to the heel for about 20 minutes at a time several times a day. Give him the appropriate dosage of an over-the-counter medication such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen to help ease pain and inflammation. A doctor can also provide a heel cup, arch support or orthotics to help provide support and keep your child's feet in line while running. Tips Roll through the left foot , as in step 4 of the exercise above. Roll all the way through the left foot, so that the 2 toe prongs are also plugged in.